CWLP's generating capacity is provided by four coal-fired steam turbine generators (with a total nameplate rating of 578 megawatts [MW]),
one dual-fuel natural gas- and oil-fired combustion turbine (with a total nameplate rating of 115 MW), and two oil-fired combustion turbines (with a total nameplate rating of 31 MW). Based on nameplate ratings,
CWLP's total summer maximum net generating capability is 724 MW.
The start-up of the 200-MW Dallman 4 generating station in Summer 2009 allowed CWLP to stop using the last two operating 1960s-vintage generating units at Lakeside Power Station,
which was originally built in 1935 on the shore of the then newly constructed Lake Springfield.
In addition to the power self-generated by CWLP, the utility contracts for wind power from NextEra Energy Resources.
In 2014, the utility generated 2,353,960.2 net megawatt-hours (MWH) of electricity (a 1.25% decrease from 2013) and had system purchases of 595,150.4 MWH,
for a total system net input of 2,949,110.6 MWH. This served the native energy requirement of 1,848,176.2 MW, as well as system wholesale sales of 1,100,934.4 MWH.
Of the 595,150.4 MWH purchased by CWLP in 2014, 430,193.4 MWH was in the form of wind energy purchased from the Hancock County and Crystal Lake wind farms in Iowa.
CWLP paid $23,454,141 ($54.52/MWH) for the wind energy and sold it for $6,866,225 ($15.96/MWH), for a net cost of $9,469,784 ($22.01/MWH).
Wind energy equaled 18.28% of net generation and 23.28% of net native energy.
In 2014, CWLP's four coal-fired units consumed a total of 1,251,473 tons of coal, 100% of which was mined in Illinois.
All generating units consumed 779.410 gallons of fuel oil and nearly 1,450,988 dekatherms of natural gas.
During the calendar year, Dallman Unit 4 represented 46.96% of CWLP's total net generation; Dallman Unit 3 represented 31.14% of total net generation;
and Dallman Units 1 and 2 combined, represented 21.51% of total net generation.
In 2014, CWLP's summer peak demand was 405 MW, set on Monday, August 25, between 4 p.m. and 5 p.m., when the outdoor temperature was 96° F and the heat index was 1085° F.
This represents a 10.20% reduction from the record peak of 451 MW set in July 2006. Although July was significnatly cooler than normal,
the overall summer of 2014 was average, with 857 cooling degree days (CDD) versus a norm of 866 CDD.
During Winter 2014/2015, CWLP's peak demand was 313 MW (3.6% below the record winter peak of 324.63, which was set on January 6, 2014).
The Winter 2014/2015 peak demand occurred on January 7, 2015 at 8 p.m., when the temperature was -1° F and the wind chill was -15°F.
Altogether, CWLP has 10 active generating units, consisting of four coal-fired steam turbine-generators, one dual-fuel (natural gas- and oil-fired) combustion turbine,
two oil-fired combustion turbines, and three diesel generators. The maximum summer net capability (nameplate rating) of all 10 units is 723 megawatts (MW).
The largest and newest of these generating units is the 200-MW Dallman 4 coal-fired plant, which was commissioned in mid-November 2009.
You can read more about these plants and generators below.
The Dallman Power Station was built just to the southwest of the Lakeside Power Station in 1968 to answer the increasing electric demand of a growing city.
It contains three coal-fired generating units. The Dallman 4 Power Station, which was built to the west of the original Dallman Station, was completed in 2009.
The first Dallman generator placed online was Dallman 1, which has a maximum nameplate capacity of 78 MW.
It was followed by Dallman 2, which went online in 1972 and has a nameplate rating of 78 MW. In 1978, the completion of Dallman 3,
which has a maximum nameplate capacity of 192 MW, more than doubled the power station's total generating capacity.
Dallman 4 has a maximum capacity of 230 MW (most recently tested at 208 MW) and provides the most cost-efficient energy of all of CWLP's generating units.
These four coal-fired units are intended to meet customer base load.
All four Dallman units are designed to burn coal with an approximate heat content of 10,500 Btu per pound.
Particulate emissions from all four units are controlled by electrostatic precipitators. In addition,
Dallman 4 utilizes a fabric filter bag house to aid in particulate emission control.
All four units are equipped with flue gas desulfurization systems (scrubbers) to control sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions.
The use of scrubbing technology, which uses limestone to trap SO2 in the flue gas before it can be emitted into the atmosphere,
allows CWLP to meet and exceed federal Clean Air Act requirements while continuing to use high-sulfur Illinois coal. The byproduct from this process,
synthetic gypsum, can be used as a soil amendment and in cement making.
The scrubber for Dallman 3 was among the first installed in the nation in 1980 and underwent a $30 million upgrade that was completed in the spring of 2012.
As part of this upgrade, more modern system controls and efficient equipment were installed to allow the unit to continue to comply with Clean Air Act regulations.
A second scrubber, serving Dallman 1 and 2, was put into operation in June 2001 in response to requirements of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments.
Dallman 4's scrubber was built when the plant was constructed.
Each unit is equipped with selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems,
which operate year-round to reduce nitrogen oxides (NOx) emissions to levels allowed by both state and federal clean air requirements.
The SCRs for the first three Dallman units, which cost a total of $76 million to install, were placed on line in May 2003.
In addition to the environmental control equipment described above, Dallman 4, one of the cleanest coal-fired generating units in the nation,
is equipped with a state-of-the-art cooling tower that eliminates the need to
send high-temperature condenser cooling water back into Lake Springfield. The other three Dallman Power Station units use once-through condenser
cooling water systems with water being obtained from Lake Springfield and discharged back into the lake.
Dallman 4, a 200-MW pulverized coal power plant,
is one of the cleanest coal-fired generating units in the nation. Its completion ensures the city of Springfield a cost-efficient,
reliable and environmentally responsible source of electric power for the next several decades.
Construction was begun on the plant in late 2006. Although still in the testing phase, the plant became operational on May 11, 2009,
when—under power of natural gas—it produced 13 MW of electricity as the unit was synchronized to the grid.
As testing continued, the plant began operating using coal on June 1 of that year. Systems-testing was completed on November 19,
at which time the general contractor, KBV Springfield Power Partners, handed over operating control of the plant to CWLP.
In addition to being completed months ahead of its contract completion date, Dallman 4 came in under its projected $454.6 million budget,
a feat virtually unheard of in the power industry.
Employing a Foster Wheeler pulverized coal boiler, which tested in 2014 with a 208 MW
replaced 76 MW of old coal-fired technology—the utility's two remaining Lakeside turbine generators.
Lakeside Units #6 and #7, CWLP's oldest still-operating turbine generators at the time, were placed into service in 1961 and 1965,
respectively. These plants have been since decommissioned.
Dallman 4 employs a number of environmental control technologies, including:
1. low-NOx burners for the boiler; a selective catalytic reduction (SCR) system for additional NOx removal
2. a fabric filter bag house to remove fine particulate
3. a wet flue gas desulfurization unit (scrubber) for the removal of SO2
4. a wet electrostatic precipitator to remove acid mist and ultra-fine particulate from the flue gas
This equipment assists CWLP in its goal of becoming one of the most environmentally friendly primarily coal-fired electric utilities in the nation.
Air emission controls aren't the only way Dallman 4 complements the utility's efforts to protect and preserve the environment.
By utilizing state-of-the-art cooling towers, CWLP is able to avoid discharging high-temperature cooling water from the plant into Lake Springfield.
KBV Springfield Power Partners served as general contractor for the construction project; Black & Veatch designed the plant,
while Kiewit provided the construction; and Burns & McDonnell served as owner's engineer on behalf of CWLP.
1. The unit burned approximately 552,500 tons (1.4 billion pounds) of Illinois coal in 2014.
2. The demand for coal supports about 80 mining jobs in Illinois.
3. Approximately 40 permanent jobs were needed to support the long-term operation and maintenance of the facility.
4. In constructing the facility:
- 644 pier foundations were drilled
- 21,500 cubic yards of concrete were poured
- 7,100 tons of steel were used
5. The 8.8-million-pound Unit 4 boiler is hung from the top of the building.
6. The facility has three coal silos, each of which hold 650 tons of coal.
7. One of the unit's environmental controls, a pulse jet fabric filter baghouse,
contains over 6,600 26-foot-long bags that collect fine particulate from the flue gas.
8. At 440 feet in height, the Unit 4 chimney is the second tallest structure in Springfield.
(The Unit 3 chimney is the tallest; the Units 1 and 2 chimney is third tallest; and the State Capitol is fourth.)
Construction of the Unit 4 chimney required only 28 days, 3 hours.
CWLP operates three peaking generators, two that are oil-burning and one that has dual-fuel operating capabilities. These units have a combined maximum nameplate capacity of 146 MW.
As part of our commitment to helping make our environment cleaner, CWLP has entered into two 10-year contracts with NextEra Energy Resources, LLC (formerly FPL Energy, LLC) for the purchase of 120 megawatts (MW)
of wind power capacity. This green energy is being produced at the Hancock County and Crystal Lake Wind Farms, both of which are located in Northern Iowa.
The purchase of 20 MW of wind-generated energy from Hancock County commenced in July 2007 and the purchase of 100 MW of wind energy from Crystal Lake commenced in November 2008. In 2015, CWLP's total wind power
purchases over the full year produced enough renewable energy to supply the equivalent of about 23% of CWLP's net native energy requirements.
The Lakeside Power Station was the original generating facility constructed in the mid-1930s on the shore of the utility's then-new man-made Lake Springfield.
By the mid-1960s, Lakeside consisted of eight coal-fired boilers and seven turbine-generators. Two of these—boilers 7 and 8 and turbine units 6 and 7,
which had a combined maximum capacity of 76 MW—remained active in meeting intermediate customer load until mid-2009. However,
age and increasingly stringent emissions control requirements took their toll on the old Lakeside plant and,
rather than spending the multi-millions of dollars that would be needed to bring the old units into compliance with state and federal standards,
in 2002 the utility decided to construct a new, larger, state of the art, environmentally friendly power plant and, upon its completion, cease using the Lakeside units.
The Dallman 4 Power Station went online in May 2009, at which time, Lakeside units 6 and 7 became non-operational.